APM OpenIR
The First Concurrent Observations of Thermospheric Na Layers From Two Nearby Central Midlatitude Lidar Stations
Xun, Yuchang1,2; Yang, Guotao1; She, Chiao-Yao3; Wang, Jihong1; Du, Lifang1; Yan, Zhaoai2,4; Yang, Yong5; Cheng, Xuewu5; Li, Faquan5
2019-02-28
Source PublicationGEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS
ISSN0094-8276
Volume46Issue:4Pages:1892-1899
AbstractIn 2011, Chu et al. reported the observation of neutral Fe layers reaching 155km. Since then, there are five additional reports of layers extending above 130km to as high as 170km, none from central middle latitudes (35 degrees-55 degrees), a large atmospheric region of considerable importance. Here we report the first concurrent observations of thermospheric Na layers from two nearby lidar stations so located, Yanqing (40.5 degrees N, 116.0 degrees E) and Pingquan (41.0 degrees N, 118.7 degrees E). From one-year data set, we found four such layers, including an unprecedented one reaching 200km with highest density of 35cm(-3) and fastest descending rate. While the main Na layers were comparable, in three nights, these thermospheric layers were observed only in one station (Yanqing), suggesting that these layers often occur locally with a horizontal scale less than similar to 250km. We tabulate, compare, and discuss the principle characteristics of all the reported thermospheric layers. Plain Language Summary The neutral Na atomic layers are mainly distributed from 80 to 105km and they have been used as tracers to study atmospheric chemistry and dynamical processes. Based on four thermospheric Na layers above 130km observed by two central middle-latitude lidar stations simultaneously, the paper analyzes the horizontal dimension of the observed thermospheric Na layers, and reports an unprecedented layer reaching an altitude of 200km with a peak density of 35cm(-3) and a descending rate of 9.3m/s. The fact high peak density is possible around 150km opens up the potential for tripling the altitude range for probing temperature and wind by a resonance fluorescence lidar, thus advancing our understanding of dynamics and chemistry in the upper atmosphere.
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; National Space Science Center ; National Space Science Center ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; National Space Science Center ; National Space Science Center ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; National Space Science Center ; National Space Science Center ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; National Space Science Center ; National Space Science Center ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China
DOI10.1029/2018GL081645
WOS KeywordTEMPERATURE ; CHINA
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41474130] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41627804] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41604130] ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan[Z181100002918001] ; National Space Science Center ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; National Space Science Center ; National Space Science Center ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; National Space Science Center ; National Space Science Center ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; National Space Science Center ; National Space Science Center ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; Beijing Science and Technology Plan ; National Space Science Center ; National Space Science Center ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China ; Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratories of China
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000461855600001
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.apm.ac.cn/handle/112942/13867
Collection中国科学院武汉物理与数学研究所
Corresponding AuthorYang, Guotao
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Space Sci Ctr, State Key Lab Space Weather, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Colorado State Univ, Dept Phys, Ft Collins, CO 80523 USA
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Space Sci Ctr, Lab Near Space Environm, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Wuhan Inst Phys & Math, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xun, Yuchang,Yang, Guotao,She, Chiao-Yao,et al. The First Concurrent Observations of Thermospheric Na Layers From Two Nearby Central Midlatitude Lidar Stations[J]. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS,2019,46(4):1892-1899.
APA Xun, Yuchang.,Yang, Guotao.,She, Chiao-Yao.,Wang, Jihong.,Du, Lifang.,...&Li, Faquan.(2019).The First Concurrent Observations of Thermospheric Na Layers From Two Nearby Central Midlatitude Lidar Stations.GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS,46(4),1892-1899.
MLA Xun, Yuchang,et al."The First Concurrent Observations of Thermospheric Na Layers From Two Nearby Central Midlatitude Lidar Stations".GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 46.4(2019):1892-1899.
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