WIPM OpenIR
Experimental Verification of a Jarzynski-Related Information-Theoretic Equality by a Single Trapped Ion
Xiong, T. P.1,2; Yan, L. L.1; Zhou, F.1; Rehan, K.1,2; Liang, D. F.1,3; Chen, L.1; Yang, W. L.1; Ma, Z. H.4; Feng, M.1,3,5,6; Vedral, V.7,8,9
2018-01-05
Source PublicationPHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS
ISSN0031-9007
Volume120Issue:1
SubtypeArticle
AbstractMost nonequilibrium processes in thermodynamics are quantified only by inequalities; however, the Jarzynski relation presents a remarkably simple and general equality relating nonequilibrium quantities with the equilibrium free energy, and this equality holds in both the classical and quantum regimes. We report a single-spin test and confirmation of the Jarzynski relation in the quantum regime using a single ultracold Ca-40(+) ion trapped in a harmonic potential, based on a general information-theoretic equality for a temporal evolution of the system sandwiched between two projective measurements. By considering both initially pure and mixed states, respectively, we verify, in an exact and fundamental fashion, the nonequilibrium quantum thermodynamics relevant to the mutual information and Jarzynski equality.
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Templeton Foundation ; Templeton Foundation ; Oxford Martin School ; Oxford Martin School ; 11674360 ; 11674360 ; apos ; apos ; 11404377 ; 11404377 ; s Fellowship ; s Fellowship ; 91421111 ; 91421111 ; 11371247) ; 11371247) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Templeton Foundation ; Templeton Foundation ; Oxford Martin School ; Oxford Martin School ; 11674360 ; 11674360 ; apos ; apos ; 11404377 ; 11404377 ; s Fellowship ; s Fellowship ; 91421111 ; 91421111 ; 11371247) ; 11371247) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Templeton Foundation ; Templeton Foundation ; Oxford Martin School ; Oxford Martin School ; 11674360 ; 11674360 ; apos ; apos ; 11404377 ; 11404377 ; s Fellowship ; s Fellowship ; 91421111 ; 91421111 ; 11371247) ; 11371247) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Templeton Foundation ; Templeton Foundation ; Oxford Martin School ; Oxford Martin School ; 11674360 ; 11674360 ; apos ; apos ; 11404377 ; 11404377 ; s Fellowship ; s Fellowship ; 91421111 ; 91421111 ; 11371247) ; 11371247)
DOI10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.010601
WOS KeywordFREE-ENERGY DIFFERENCES ; NONEQUILIBRIUM MEASUREMENTS ; FLUCTUATION THEOREM ; COLLOQUIUM ; ENTROPY
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Templeton Foundation ; Templeton Foundation ; Oxford Martin School ; Oxford Martin School ; 11674360 ; 11674360 ; apos ; apos ; 11404377 ; 11404377 ; s Fellowship ; s Fellowship ; 91421111 ; 91421111 ; 11371247) ; 11371247) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Templeton Foundation ; Templeton Foundation ; Oxford Martin School ; Oxford Martin School ; 11674360 ; 11674360 ; apos ; apos ; 11404377 ; 11404377 ; s Fellowship ; s Fellowship ; 91421111 ; 91421111 ; 11371247) ; 11371247) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Templeton Foundation ; Templeton Foundation ; Oxford Martin School ; Oxford Martin School ; 11674360 ; 11674360 ; apos ; apos ; 11404377 ; 11404377 ; s Fellowship ; s Fellowship ; 91421111 ; 91421111 ; 11371247) ; 11371247) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0304503) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11734018 ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB21010100) ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; CAS-TWAS Presidentamp ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; National Research Foundation (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Ministry of Education (Singapore) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) ; Templeton Foundation ; Templeton Foundation ; Oxford Martin School ; Oxford Martin School ; 11674360 ; 11674360 ; apos ; apos ; 11404377 ; 11404377 ; s Fellowship ; s Fellowship ; 91421111 ; 91421111 ; 11371247) ; 11371247)
WOS Research AreaPhysics
WOS SubjectPhysics, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000419325000001
PublisherAMER PHYSICAL SOC
Citation statistics
Cited Times:14[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.wipm.ac.cn/handle/112942/12795
Collection中国科学院武汉物理与数学研究所
Corresponding AuthorZhou, F.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Wuhan Inst Phys & Math, State Key Lab Magnet Resonance & Atom & Mol Phys, Wuhan 430071, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Hunan Normal Univ, SICQEA, Changsha 410081, Hunan, Peoples R China
4.Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Dept Math, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Cold Atom Phys, Wuhan 430071, Hubei, Peoples R China
6.Zhejiang Normal Univ, Dept Phys, Jinhua 321004, Peoples R China
7.Univ Oxford, Clarendon Lab, Dept Phys, Pk Rd, Oxford OX1 3PU, England
8.Natl Univ Singapore, Ctr Quantum Technol, Singapore 117543, Singapore
9.Natl Univ Singapore, Dept Phys, 2 Sci Dr 3, Singapore 117551, Singapore
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xiong, T. P.,Yan, L. L.,Zhou, F.,et al. Experimental Verification of a Jarzynski-Related Information-Theoretic Equality by a Single Trapped Ion[J]. PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS,2018,120(1).
APA Xiong, T. P..,Yan, L. L..,Zhou, F..,Rehan, K..,Liang, D. F..,...&Vedral, V..(2018).Experimental Verification of a Jarzynski-Related Information-Theoretic Equality by a Single Trapped Ion.PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS,120(1).
MLA Xiong, T. P.,et al."Experimental Verification of a Jarzynski-Related Information-Theoretic Equality by a Single Trapped Ion".PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 120.1(2018).
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